Carbon-14, Archaeology, Dinosaurs, and Why You Should Care

The sculpture of an animal at Gobekli Tepe, cl...Some time ago I wrote about a temple complex near the mountains of Ararat which everyone agrees is really old. In fact, archaeologists date it to 8,000 BC (or earlier) even though the style is quite ‘advanced.’

Why would they claim this site is so old when they want us to believe people back then were simple, wandering nomads? I discovered it was because of Carbon-14 dating of the charcoal buried among the stones.

Now, the question is, why did the C-14 give a date so old when we know the world hadn’t even been created 10,000 years ago? That question has been niggling at the back of my brain ever since. This past week I ran into enough information to start searching for the answers and you should have seen me shout when I ran into them!

Everyone knows Carbon-14 levels are NOT constant through time

Atmospheric nuclear weapon tests almost double...

Atmospheric nuclear weapon tests almost doubled the concentration of radioactive 14 C in the Northern Hemisphere, before levels slowly declined following the Partial Test Ban Treaty.

The other day I found out scientists are sure there was some kind of cosmic ray burst back in the late AD 700s. They know because trees living at that time have an “observed excess of carbon-14”. That means, they dated to much younger than we know they really are.

If things can have “too much” C-14, isn’t it possible for differences in the past to cause other things to have “too little” C-14?

Amazingly, I heard to the answer less than an hour after asking the question. I was listening to an interview with the author Dr. John F. Ashton who wrote the book Evolution Impossible.  Towards the end of the program, Dr. Ashton mentioned how earth’s magnetic field keeps cosmic rays out which prevents extra C-14 from being produced in the first place.

Of course, I already knew earth’s magnetic field is keeping those rays out, I just didn’t realize these rays made C-14!

Everyone knows Earth’s Magnetic Field is weakening

Diagram of Earth's magnetic field lines includ...

Diagram of Earth’s magnetic field lines including magnet (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

It was a little hard to find a website willing to admit this without being Creationist, but National Geographic has an article on it. Do they figure out the world can’t have lasted as long as Evolution requires because of this fact? Oh, no, they just say it’s going to slow down and then start up again in the opposite direction (as they claim it’s been doing for billions of years). We’ll see how that one works out.

To find out how fast the magnetic field is fading, I checked out the Institute for Creation Research which specializes in this area. Turns out scientists have observed a drop in the magnetic field of 7% since we started studying it in 1835. ICR’s scientists figure at current rates it loses half its power in just 1,400 years. Even in Jesus’ time it would have been more than twice as strong than it is now. Wow!

Everyone knows Cosmic Radiation forms Carbon-14

I found a simple explanation of this process at an .edu website, but the web page background is really hard to read. Here’s what they say:

Carbon-14 is created from nitrogen-14 in the upper atmosphere of the earth. Radiation from the sun collides with atoms in the atmosphere. These collisions create secondary cosmic rays in the form of energentic neutrons. When these neutrons collide with nitrogen-14 in the atmosphere carbon-14 can be created.

First Solar Radiation Storm of Solar Cycle 24 ...

First Solar Radiation Storm of Solar Cycle 24 [HD Video] (Photo credit: NASA Goddard Photo and Video)

The reason C-14 works so nicely to date things is that plants absorb it all the time they’re growing and everything eating plants gets the plants’ C-14 into their tissues.

I just “happened” to run across another Creation Science radio show to listen to while I’m waiting for a new episode of the Creation Today Show. Guess what the first program I listened to talked about: Carbon-14 and those trees with higher levels than normal! Dr. Don Clark explained the C-14 in our bodies today has only been there for about a year or so since we keep cycling it out somehow. Cool!


Einstein's BlackboardIt isn’t very scientific to assume the level of Carbon-14 in the atmosphere has always been exactly the same as it is today. But, if you make adjustments for a much stronger Magnetic Field, you might just get dates matching the Bible’s. Horrors!

Oh, yes, we’ve just found Carbon-14 in dinosaur bones. What does that tell you?

The beginning of your word is true: and every one of your righteous ordinances endure for ever. Psalm 119:160

Cosmic Rays aren’t the only things that mess with Carbon-14, check it out on my post HERE

Answers in Genesis has a whole chapter on Carbon-14

Bible Archaeology has an article on Carbon-14 and other Radiometric Dating methods

Carbon-14 isn’t the only particle produced by cosmic rays, Beryllium-10 and Chlorine-36 are made in a similar way. The paper I found is horribly long, but you can find out more on pages 33-39 of A Christian Response to Radiometric Dating by Dr Tasman B. Walker PDF

Read lots more about the Magnetic Field:

ICR: Magnetic Field Data Confirm Creation Model

and The Earth’s Magnetic Field Is Young

Answers in Genesis: #5 Rapidly Decaying Magnetic Field

Pyramids of Giza, Wikimedia

Ancient Technology: Precision Stonework Part 1

I’ve been reading through another of my new books, the hot-off-the-presses title: The Genius of Ancient Man.  I’m hoping to get some more ideas to add to my collection of posts because this topic is as big a thinking-changer as any.

So far, it seems that I’ve already at least touched on most of the types of things we find that tell us our earliest ancestors were the opposite of “primitive.”  That’s encouraging, but I want to know more!

This new book does a great job discussing how carefully Jesus’ followers need to handle this topic. Ignoring our ancestor’s achievements is unwise, but much of their lives were focused on idolatry that we detest. I’ve had to deal with this as well, so my favorite posts have been the stone spheres and farming terraces where there was little or no sign of devil worship involved.

This time I ran into something really cool about the stone work of early civilizations.  This article was published some years back in a paper that has no problem with smart ancients, but doesn’t believe in God either.  I didn’t see anything worrisome on the page, so go ahead and check out the link if you like stone work:

Ancient Precision Stone Cutting by Laura Lee

Now, I’ll be the first to admit that although we can make a good case for the explanation this article presents, that doesn’t force it to be the truth.  I once read a book that made a good case for the Last Czar’s daughter Anastasia having lived for many years after the fall of Russia.  Just a few years ago we found her remains with the rest of the murdered family, so the book was proved wrong.  It is equally possible to have another explanation for this rock cutting ability, but we know it must involve very high brain power!

WLA brooklynmuseum Statue of a Priest of Amun ...

Like others, this article points out just how high the quality of early stone work (in this case from Egypt) actually was.  They were capable of carving hard granite to a smooth polish.  This is not something that can be accurately done with stone chipping tools. I’m not going to cover all the likely tools the ancients would have needed to produce the stone work they left behind.  You’ll have to read the article for that, but there was one point that blew my mind.

There is a good possibility the ancients knew how to use lasers.  Well, not lasers like the pen you aren’t allowed to take to the movies, but focused sunlight.  Here’s the evidence:

  • We know the Egyptians, like the Incas long after, had the ability to polish granite to a high sheen in 3D
  • As late as the time of the Spanish invasion, the Incas started the national fire each year with the rays of the sun intensified by a huge golden disk. The only picture I could find of a surviving disk is made of silver, but it gives you the right idea (scroll down to the 2nd row of photos)
  • I’ve already mentionedmany ancient civilizations had these bowl-shaped disks that could have been used for astronomy.  What was to stop them from using these disks to carve and polish rock with the rays of the sun?House Altar wih Akhenaten, Nefertiti and Three...
  • The Laura Lee article points out that both the Egyptians and Incas lived in places where sunshine was a predictable thing.  They would have had ample opportunity to use it as a tool while they still remembered how.

We know that whatever technique these people used to do their incredible stone work was completely lost.  Today we don’t have any tools in our museums that could remotely explain their quality of workmanship.  But if the engineer’s ideas about using sunlight is accurate, we do have records of their tools having existed; they were cut in pieces and melted for their gold.

People have always been smart.  They also completely rebelled against God.  Without God’s help and protection there is nothing to stop our great-grandchildren from forever losing the technology we have slowly built up over the centuries as well.  Let us trust and honor the Giver of life who never vanishes or abandons us!

I wisdom dwell with prudence, and find out knowledge of witty inventions.
The fear of the LORD is to hate evil: pride, and arrogancy, and the evil way, and the froward mouth, do I hate.
Counsel is mine, and sound wisdom: I am understanding; I have strength. Proverbs 12-14

For more info, check out the Christian site: Ooparts & Ancient High Technology page 19

Pyramids of Giza, Wikimedia

Ancient Spheres: Quotes

English: Potbelly style colossal head original...

From Strange Attraction:  The Mystery of Magnetism on the Guatamalan magnetic sculptures, “One of them, for example, which is now in front of the little museum at La Democracia, Guatemala, bears a strong likeness to F.D.R., lorgnette eyeglasses and all.”

Shall I add this quote to my Ancient Optics post?

From Authentic Maya: Monte Alto “Of the collection of “fat boy” sculptures from Monte Alto on display in the town park of La Democracia, Guatemala and in front of its local museum, four of the heads and three of the bodies were found to have magnetic properties. All four of the heads have a north magnetic pole located in their right temples, while three of them have south magnetic poles below the right ear and the fourth (that in front of the museum) has a south magnetic pole in its left temple, Such a pattern of occurrence is unlikely to be a matter of chance, even in a sample size as small as four.”

Tell that to the biologists who see proof of a Designer every day!

From Science Daily: “The KU researcher said that scientists believe the stones were first created around 600 A.D., with most dating to after 1,000 A.D. but before the Spanish conquest.  “We date the spheres by pottery styles and radiocarbon dates associated with archeological deposits found with the stone spheres,” Hoopes said. “One of the problems with this methodology is that it tells you the latest use of the sphere but it doesn’t tell you when it was made. These objects can be used for centuries and are still sitting where they are after a thousand years. So it’s very difficult to say exactly when they were made.””

Well, is science wise enough to date them accurately, or isn’t it?  Make up your mind!

English: Rudston Monolith

Rudston Monolith, England

From Ancient Wisdom.UK “there are more than enough examples to show that stone itself was given a form of reverence in prehistory, and was likely seen as being endowed with ‘special’ qualities (as shown by the specific selection and transport of stone at Megaliths). Certainly other cultures appear to have become ‘besotted’ with stone carving such as the Easter Islanders, Egyptians, Mayans, and perhaps that is all
we see with carved petrospheres.”

Hmm, seems like the Bible has something to say about this:

And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it. Ex 20:25 

And there ye shall serve gods, the work of men’s hands, wood and stone, which neither see, nor hear, nor eat, nor smell.  Deuteronomy 4:28 

And the LORD shall scatter thee among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and there thou shalt serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy fathers have known, even wood and stone.  Deuteronomy 28:64 

And that which cometh into your mind shall not be at all, that ye say, We will be as the heathen, as the families of the countries, to serve wood and stone.  Ezekiel 20:32