Red Goldfish in a pond: WikiCommons

How did Freshwater Creatures Survive the Flood Part 2

So, now we know that water sorts itself much like oil does on other layers of water allowing fish to survive in pockets of less salty and warmer/cooler water.

Red Goldfish in a pond: WikiCommons

What about the built-in way a fish’s body works to allow them to survive in a changed environment?

All fish have the same amount of salt in their bodies, about 0.9%. Because of osmosis, freshwater fish (where the water s 0.1% or less salt) don’t ever have to drink, the water gets sucked in through their skin, but they do have to make urine to keep all that water from popping them!

Saltwater fish have the opposite problem because ocean water is usually 3.5% salt. These fish drink all the time and their kidneys collect the salt for them to excrete (go to the bathroom). A large salmon drinks as much water as a grown-up human in a day to keep the salt from shriveling up its organs.

Atlantic Salmon, Salmo salar, Taken thru glas,...

Atlantic Salmon

Moving back and forth

We know there are a number of fish that move from salt to fresh waters and back again. How do they do it? Salmon are born in freshwater streams usually far from the ocean. When they are strong enough, most salmon swim downstream until they get to the mouth of the river. Then they spend some time getting used to the saltier water before heading out into the open ocean.

This adjustment time can last from a few days up to several weeks. When it is their time to return to their home streams to lay eggs, they again spend up to a few weeks at the mouth of their river to readjust to the lack of salt. Built in directions in their DNA help them switch from pushing salt out to pushing water back out.


Juvenile american eels (Anguilla rostrata).

Juvenile american eels

American and European Eels spend their lives in the exact opposite way.  They are all born in the Sargasso Sea off the north-eastern coast of Cuba and then swim back to their proper homelands that they have never been to before. Scientists can’t explain why the American Eels don’t end up in Europe and the other way round.

I couldn’t find out if they have to hang out in the brackish, half fresh/half salt water along the coasts or not before swimming up river, but they do change from see-through to brown colored. After up to 20 years of living in freshwater rivers, the grown fish head back to the ocean to the place they were spawned to lay their own eggs and never return.

Mixed up Water

There are also a number of fish that like to live in the brackish, sort-of salty water where rivers meet the ocean. Sturgeon, Mollys, Cichlids [sick-lids], Gobys, Flounders, Puffers and many more thrive in these in between salty water environments. surviving

Freshwater Abundance

Freshwater angelfish

Freshwater angelfish

We know that many freshwater fish and saltwater fish are of similar types to each other. What’s amazing is there are actually a lot more surviving freshwater species than saltwater even with all that extra room to live in! It seems that whether a fish does well in one type of water or another has to do with which genes in their DNA are turned on to tell it what to do.

As for all the other freshwater creatures besides fish, it’s harder to find info on them.

I did find an interesting study on the changing saltiness of Australia’s freshwater systems and what happens to the clams and things in them. The adults die off if it gets too salty for them (makes me think of all the fossil clams, etc. in the rocks today), but their eggs survive and wait for the salt levels to drop before hatching.

The same would be true for all the plants that can’t handle salt. They would  die, but their seeds would survive. It’s even possible some water plants could have even survived by floating in those low-salt pools until dropping into newly formed freshwater systems.

For more check out Dr. Walt Brown’s page on freshwater fish survival

Remember, there’s also a lot of evidence that a bunch of salt first got to the surface during the Flood itself. The ocean Adam and Eve knew could have had far less salt in the first place. Creatures that stayed in the oceans would have gradually adapted to their new, saltier environment as the salt dissolved into their water.

Or speak to the earth, and it shall teach thee: and the fishes of the sea shall declare unto thee.  Who knoweth not in all these that the hand of the LORD hath wrought this? Job 12:8,9

Sites I used to build this post:

Salt Water in Freshwater Aquariums (it mentions Cichlids specifically near the end)

Christian Answers: How did Fish Survive the Flood?

PDF Study of increasing Salinity of Australian Freshwater Ecosystems (this is the one with clams, etc on page 6)

Atlantic Salmon Trust

American Eels arrive on Staten Island

Aquarium Brackish Water Fish

eHow Brackish Water Fish

PDF How did Fresh and Saltwater Fish survive the Flood?

Freshwater Fish More Diverse and Older than Saltwater Fish

Freshwater Fish and Saltwater Fish Related

Wikipedia Worldwide list of Brackish Water Habitats

Eye-Crossing Evolutionary Study of Fish Gene Expression and Salt Adaptability

Lasso-like image of Telomere

Telomeres: Better Than Your Shoelace Ends

A while back I was listening to a lecture for doctors on some new discoveries about our DNA and how it affects our health (boy, does it ever). A lot of the stuff made my eyes want to cross, but then the speaker explained something using words kids know all about.

She compared part of our DNA to the plastic tips of a shoelace. I’d tell you they were like Aglets, but did you know that’s what the end covers were called? Me, neither.

Black Shoelace



Telomeres [TEA-low-meerz] is the name a researcher gave these little end caps back in 1938. It took us many more decades to figure out what was going on, though. We’re still studying what affects them and how medicine can help us have healthy Telomeres.

So, what are they and how do they work? I found a great 2 minute video to explain things for you.

From the Smithsonian Channel:

Something I didn’t run into until searching for images of a Telomere is their shape. DNA doesn’t have room to stretch out straight inside a cell’s nucleus, it’s almost 6′ [2m] long! So it loops and twists in fascinating ways. So do Telomeres. Have a look at this photo:

Lasso-like image of Telomere

Click the picture to see The Cell Website I ran into

There’s a study from 1999 in the Journal CELL talking about this. The diagram showing how it fits together is quite interesting. I wonder why this info isn’t easier to find online. But, now you know!

To understand what’s going on even better, the University of Utah has a GREAT PAGE showing how the DNA letters repeat to hold the ends of the chromosome together and why they get shorter over time. Basically, the copier has to start with a bit of RNA in place already, so it can’t copy the letters where the RNA attaches. They did a great job making things easy to understand and have cool illustrations.

In fact, don’t read any further until you’ve CLICKED on their link and scroll down to the drawing of a technicolor Telomerase subunit. You can see an even more amazing illustration at the Telomerase Database website.

Now, tell me. Is that a simple, easy to slosh together piece of equipment? Or, is it something it would take a lot of smarts to design?

OK, what is that Telomerase? It is an enzyme (a protein to help the body do things) some cells use to rebuild their Telomeres.

DNA with bright spots of Telomeres at their ends

DNA with bright spots of Telomeres at their ends

Basically, after a cell has made about 50-70 copies of itself, the Telomeres get so short they don’t work properly. The cell recognizes this and shuts down. No new copies of that cell ever again. We now know this one of the things controlling how long we live.

Since we realized Telomeres are something to watch for, researchers have been doing a bunch of studies about how life can affect them.

When I started research for this article, I was hoping to find websites already designed for kids to understand what’s going on. But plugging in the keyword “kids” along with Telomere gave me some interesting results.

Turns out we know life can hit children’s Telomeres hard. Here are a few things that can give people shorter Telomeres and probably a shorter life:

  • Neglect: Kids raised in an institution instead of a home (even a foster home helps)
  • Family Trauma: Interestingly, they found girls had it worse
  • Rough Life: This study started out assuming boys would have a hard time. They did
  • Bullying: being bullied didn’t just rob you of your lunch money

It’s not only kids who develop shorter Telomeres from these kinds of problems. Studies have been done seeing if lifestyle changes can help adults protect their Telomeres. Here are some things they found keep them from shrinking or can even cause them to get longer:

  • Lower stress
  • Stop smoking
  • Eat healthy
  • Have good friends
  • Exercise

Several of the kids’ studies noticed that having a good mom helped protects kids’ cells. See how having good friends helped grownups, too? Turns out, taking care of yourself mentally, physically, and emotionally makes a real difference.

Hmm, it seems like there is an ancient guidebook recommending this kind of lifestyle to all of us. Perhaps the Author knew what He was talking about so long ago because He designed us- and our Telomeres.

Praise God, our Creator, who gave us such wonderful protections for our bodies and didn’t leave us alone to suffer when we rejected Him at the beginning!

Thy hands have made me and fashioned me: give me understanding, that I may learn thy commandments. Psalm 119:73 

More soon!


Super Mutant Drawing

Mutants R Us???

I recently received a comment highlighing the importance of this topic, so I thought it was time to share this with you again. You can also check out a clue from the Bible HERE:

One of my earliest articles on this blog was on the question of whether dark-skinned people moved south to be comfortable and the other way around, or if we changed to match our environment.

I’ve been looking for the answer ever since and am rather surprised by how little we know about this, at least for people.  In fact, this draft has been sitting in my stack for some time while I’ve tried to puzzle out just what we know about the variety of features we see in people around the world.

When I first started looking at what we know about adaptations (the ability an animal or plant has to change), I was getting very confused. Turns out bacteria can adapt quite a bit, very quickly to the environment they are put into. But after just a little time that ability to keep changing slows way down.

In fact, bacteria being able to survive environments specially designed to try to destroy them is one of the Evolutionist’s favorite ways to show that Evolution must be true.  What they don’t tell you is that there has never been a case where new pieces of DNA (the tiny books inside every cell) got written from nowhere.

But this doesn’t tell us much about ourselves, because we sure don’t see people adapting to a new climate the way bacteria do.  In fact, there are a number of populations that have been transplanted (willingly or not) from the kind of environment you expect to see such people in, to very different ones.  It’s been over 200 years since dark-skinned Africans have been living in North America, and some of them have been living in England and Canada for well over a hundred years.  There have also been pale people originally from Europe living in Australia and across Africa for several hundred years.  In each of these places, unless they marry local people who have different skin color and such, their great, great grand children still look the same as their overseas cousins when they’re born (of course, you’re more likely to later get a tan if you live in a sunny, warm country, but that’s not changing your genetics).

What’s going on then?  How did we get from Noah and his wife, their three sons and their wives to all the variations we see today?

Evolutionists have one answer for this.  The only reason anything is different from an amoeba is Mutations.  They have no other answer, don’t want there to be any other answer, so they don’t look for anything else.

But what about Creation Scientists?  I’ve been studying and asking around the Creationist community for a couple of months now and was starting to get frustrated.

Disclaimer:  The following rant is all me.

First, I refuse to accept the idea that the reason some people (like me) have freckles is because we’re mutants!!  I don’t see how God didn’t pre-plan for some of us to have really curly or super-straight hair, almond-shaped eyes, very light or dark skin, or extra narrow or wide noses.  These things are not caused by mutations, but by variation in our DNA books.

Think about what we know of God’s nature.  He doesn’t make the same snowflake twice! No one claims they are different from each other because they’re all mutants.  Study the planets and stars.  Not one of them is the same as another, but, like the snow flakes, they don’t have any DNA to mutate.  Yet God made them all different.

God is a God of variety and uniqueness.  Sometime, when I find the right pictures, I’m going to post about how a potter uses the same clay to make many types of objects.  Usually, you can tell they were done by the same artist, but they are never exactly the same.  Why should we be any different?  If you study out the chances of there being a person exactly like you in existence, the numbers of zeros behind the odds are mind-blowing!  These statistics aren’t based on mutations but on the complexity of human DNA.

I was very pleased when my newest edition of Acts & Facts from the Institute for Creation Research came this week. In the middle there was a short article on Genetic Diversity by Dr. Jeffrey Tomkins.  He was very honest about what we know and don’t understand yet.  Like me, Dr. Tomkins sees God using existing DNA to allow for and cause much of the variety we see in living things.  He said, “Clearly, genetic variability is part of God’s design for plants and animals, but it is employed as an engineered system with limitations. These systems of genetic variability are just beginning to be understood.”

The last thing he mentions is, “Biology researchers at ICR are currently reviewing creationist and secular literature on non-coding DNA to determine new venues of research into the field of genetic diversity and the role it plays in adaptation.”  This tells us scientists still have a lot of studying to do to understand what’s going on in genetics.  Unfortunately, since all the work done by Evolutionists is going to assume all change is caused by mutations, Creation Scientists will have to do a lot of screening to find the truth.

Now, there are certainly things we carry in our bodies that are mutations.  Anything that causes us to get sick, develop a disease or be at risk for early death is caused by the curse on Adam and his race.  There are also some variations, such as the ability to still digest milk as an adult that seem to be caused by mutations.  There are even some people who are born with pale skin and hair to dark skinned parents with no known pale ancestry.  This is probably in the same category as an albino.  But that doesn’t prove all pale people are just albinos!

God is a great and powerful Creator.  We are still just beginning to understand just how wise and deep His design truly is after several hundred years of really trying!

For thou hast possessed my reins: thou hast covered me in my mother’s womb.  I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: marvellous are thy works; and that my soul knoweth right well.  My substance was not hid from thee, when I was made in secret, and curiously wrought in the lowest parts of the earth. Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect; and in thy book all my members were written, which in continuance were fashioned, when as yet there was none of them.  How precious also are thy thoughts unto me, O God! how great is the sum of them!  If I should count them, they are more in number than the sand: when I awake, I am still with thee. Psalm 139:13-18

Instinct, Development, and You

English: A sleeping male baby with his arm ext...

A couple months ago I pulled my husband over to tell him we’re parents again. There is a new tiny eternal soul being woven together (Psalm 139:15) deep within me.

Here’s the crazy thing about finding out there’s a baby growing inside you: a mom can go for days, usually weeks, and sometimes months with no idea what’s happening. Even when you know you have a tiny passenger, what does a mom do to help out? Take vitamins, get enough rest, be careful what you eat, and visit the doctor to make sure everything is OK. That’s it.

English: Lancelet's embryo, 4-cell stage Русск...

I didn’t have to take a class on how to assemble proteins. I didn’t have to tell my little one where to grow ears. In fact, a baby keeps happily developing while mom sleeps. As long as the right ingredients are there, things happen automatically.

So, is a human baby an easy thing to put together? You know it isn’t. Doctors spend years learning the basics about the human body before they get their degree. Then, they spend the rest of their careers keeping up with new information being discovered about how everything works together.

And what about the millions of cells a baby is born with? When someone wants to tell you how many things are involved in a single cell, they often use the analogy of a city. It’s the best thing we know of to compare these tiny things to.

Human fetus 1 month

Human fetus 1 month

If I had to put together my child, it would be about as complicated as your favorite building block design. The real baby growing inside me is more complicated than all of human civilization put together.

Well then, is my baby a super genius smart enough to know how to take a single cell and within a few months develop all the organs and body parts a newborn has? Of course not. But, there is a Super Genius wise enough to provide that cell with all the information a human body will ever need.

He is so smart, He designed a storage system small enough to fit in a tiny section of the cell.  After all, a cell needs lots of space to do all the other things to live and grow.

English: Static thumb frame of Animation of th...


What do we call this information storage system? DNA. You can find out more on my study guide to DNA, for Dummies, or the FBI?

A few months ago, someone on facebook kept insisting DNA does not contain information. People who don’t want to admit there is a Creator God know if there is info in our bodies, SOMEONE had to put it there. They would rather pretend DNA is a random jumble than to admit they were created. When I realized the guy was serious, I took a minute to search the web. Turns out the Nobel Prize web page on DNA has no problem admitting there is information in DNA!

You kids are in a special place. Sure there are times it would be nice to hide from God so you don’t feel guilty sinning. But, knowing there is a Creator who loves you so much He became one of us to die for us is still sweet.

Many grownups have decided the love God offers them isn’t worth the price. They would rather trust their own brains and follow their own path no matter where it leads them.

O come, let us worship and bow down: let us kneel before the LORD our maker. For he is our God; and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand. Psalm 95:6,7


Evolutionary Tree of Life Poster

Can Mutations Make New Things?


Let’s start with why this concept is so important:

Evolutionary Diagram

Evolutionary Diagram (Photo credit: thekirbster)

Evolutionists have only a few available tools to explain how things could change from tiny blobs to specialized “higher” organisms. Here’s their list:

  • Mutation
  • Migration (gene flow)
  • Genetic drift
  • Natural selection

Migration is the process of populations use to share different genes. Bacteria can do this directly. People do this when dad is from a different group than mom; their children usually become a blend of features.

But migration doesn’t produce anything new. It just describes spreading existing genetics around evenly.

Genetic drift is rather sad. It says some perfectly healthy organisms never get to be parents. Their genetics are lost just because of some sort of accident.

Still no new information.

Natural selection is a way of saying only organisms with healthy enough bodies can have children. If something goes wrong too badly, they will be eaten or get too sick to ever become parents.

Yup, still no new information.

This only leaves mutations to carry the whole load of creating a new organism unlike anything before it (if Evolution were true). Let’s see if they can handle the pressure.

A mutation is a mistake in a creature’s DNA. DNA uses a code of just 4 letters to program everything the cells in every body need to grow and function. It seems too simple to work properly, but computers use a code of just 2 letters- 0 and 1 to do everything, so 4 gives DNA plenty of options to work with.

copy machine

copy machine (Photo credit: Yuba College Public Space)

The human DNA set (genome) has around 3 billion “base pairs” or letters in it. That’s a huge amount of data for a cell to use and this is where mutations get their chance. Every cell has to copy all those letters when it divides. If something doesn’t get copied exactly right, it is a mutation.

DNA works like a written language, but with very different grammar. Every DNA “word” is exactly 3 base pairs long, so it doesn’t need spaces to tell you when the word ends. It also uses special codes to tell when the end of a “sentence” happens, but for mutations, the words are the most important to understand.

There are several different kinds of mutations:

  • Switching one letter for another
  • Deleting a letter
  • Sticking in an extra letter
  • Duplicating letters

To see how these mutations would work in English, check out this fun page at Genetic Health: Mutations in DNA.

Deleting and adding a single letter can mess up a whole area of DNA if it doesn’t happen right at the end of a section. Unless you lose exactly 3 letters, everything from the mutation on changes completely. Muscular dystrophy can be caused by a “frameshift” mutation like this.  Many of the problems a developing baby can have are caused by these kinds of mutations.

a hospital room (Denmark, 2005)

Some of the best known mutations are caused by a single letter switch. Sickle cell anemia with horrible problems including pain, a weak immune system and other serious problems is caused by one of these “single point mutations” where a letter is traded out for a different one.

Other mutations are caused by a small set of added letters. Huntington’s disease (a serious brain disorder) is caused by extra copies of a single 3 letter word. Tay-Sachs disease causes death within a few years of birth by not having a working cell cleaning enzyme. The enzyme can be messed up by a number of mutations, some removing letters or sections and others adding a few base pairs. You can learn a lot about how the enzyme is supposed to work HERE.

All of these problems are enough to make you cry, but this is what mutations do in the real world. When I looked around for examples of “beneficial mutations” or, mutations which do good things, I found Sickle Cell Anemia as one of the best cases. There’s one other which can protect you from getting AIDS by breaking a cell entry point, but it also leaves you with a high chance of developing a serious liver disease.

These were the only two human mutations (out of more than 100,000 known) I’ve run into which are supposed to be good for us. Other examples show how creatures can lose switches to turn processes on or off.  These changes can help them survive things like antibiotics or pesticides. But they are not going to help them turn into anything new or even survive better in ordinary situations.

Scientists have never once seen a mutation create something new. If they had, you would hear about it all the time and run into it in every Evolution textbook. But, nature serves its true master, the Creator God!

But ask the animals, and they will teach you.
    Or ask the birds of the air, and they will tell you.
Or speak to the earth, and it will teach you.
    Or let the fish in the sea tell you their wisdom.
Everyone knows
    that the Lord made these things. Job 12:7-9 Easy-to-read Version

High School Genetics Textbook

Description: This image shows the coding regio...

the coding region in a segment of eukaryotic DNA.

I’m researching Evolution for my book, which is a lot harder than the rest has been. Life and the rules for why creatures look and behave the way they do is mind-bogglingly complicated! Added to that, explanation about how life started and developed is at the core of the battle for our minds and hearts.

In the past I’ve wrestled with issues like, “are we all just a bunch of mutants, or did God design variation into our DNA?” But it’s been hard to find solid answers.

Today I ran into a paper from the Journal of Creation which is powerful and answers a lot of my questions. It’s quite long and fairly complicated, but not so eye-crossing as to be worthless to a non-scientist.

I’m posting the link here and will add this article to my For Teens page because if you really get what Dr. Robert W. Carter is saying, you will understand how biologists can accept God as Creator! You will also have a better grasp of genetics than the vast majority of people.

Can mutations create new information?

English: FRIENDS

I will praise you; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: marvelous are your works; and that my soul knows right well. My substance was not hid from you, when I was made in secret, and curiously wrought in the lowest parts of the earth. Your eyes saw my substance, yet being unperfect; and in your book all my members were written, which in their day were fashioned, when as yet there was none of them. How precious also are your thoughts unto me, O God! how great is the sum of them! Psalm 139:14-17

Marsh Blooms

DNA is Like a Essay Test

I ran into this analogy recently, but can’t remember who to credit. Here it is in my own words:

English: An overview of the structure of DNA.

The name DNA stands for something called DeoxyriboNucleic Acid. Aren’t you glad they called it DNA for short? Every living cell has this stuff inside to tell the rest of the cell what to make and do next. You can learn how complicated it is in my FBI post.

Now, we’re going to compare it to the ink and paper a teacher hands out for an essay test.

Imagine you’re at a school in the 1700s: no pencils, no cartridges. You have to dip your quill in a bottle of ink and paper is expensive.

In order for you to pass the test, you must prove to the teacher you remember most of what was covered in each area from the last semester. No fill-in-the-blanks, no multiple choice: just the paper, your pen and ink, and your memory! Any score less than an A+ means you flunk.

That’s scary just to think about. 😯

Drawing on Parchment

What if you can’t remember a thing? If you just take the ink and splash it around on the page, are you going to pass? Is there any way on the planet the teacher will be impressed with your amazing abilities?

Not a chance. You’d flunk, and so would DNA.

Random collections of fancy acid can never tell a cell how to make anything.

So there’s Abiogenesis out the window, because without every piece in place, a cell can’t live.

What if you want to get from a “simple” cell to a many-celled animal?

Pewter Ransom Font Letters 2

Maybe you remember part of what the teacher covered. After scratching away at the paper, carefully writing every detail that pops in your head, you stop dead. Not another thing comes to mind. So what do you do? Randomly rearrange what is already on the paper to form new sentences and wow the teacher?

Not without a massive bribe you don’t!

DNA can’t be randomly recombined from other genes to form brand new functioning instructions.

To have a different function, you have to plug in new information. Only someone who knows the material can add information to produce something new.

This bit is completely my idea.

Passing notes

What if you trade papers with the kid next to you and add his information to yours. You would do better on the test if you aren’t caught. But if neither of you had remembered anything there would have been no information to share.

You still have to start with a smart person to have anything understandable on the test.

Some bacteria and other creatures add information by combining original DNA together. But did they Evolve?

Not in the way Evolutionists need them to. Yes, their children are different and have more DNA, but they still only have information that was already there. It’s been spread around differently, but it isn’t something completely new.

For a self-writing test to work…. do I need to go on?

For Biological Evolution to be true, you have to have DNA, lots of it, from the very first cell. Then, you have to have it expand into new functions millions of times. All without any guidance or knowledge.

Or, you could start out with a super smart Creator God who can make everything “very good” from the very beginning!

I will praise you; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made: your works are marvelous; and my soul knows that for sure. Psalm 139:14

Evolution is full of Surprises! and will Explain Anything

Messier 53 has surprised astronomers with its ...

Messier 53 has surprised astronomers with its unusual number of a type of star called blue stragglers.

During my research I noticed how common it is to run into articles that talk about how “surprising,” “unexpected,” or even “baffling” the results of a study or find is to scientists.  Although I know Creation Scientists are probably often surprised as well, I can’t help thinking that scientists would be less surprised if they all had a more accurate worldview.

Here are some of the surprises that we’ve uncovered recently:

illustration of convergent evolution

One of the ways Evolutionists get around characteristics that “unrelated” creatures have in common is called Convergent Evolution.  This is not something they mention often to children, because you’re too smart for it, but they talk about it a lot in the science community.  Somehow, I don’t think they would have expected development to happen like this if they hadn’t seen it first.

What do they think happened in Convergent Evolution?  Here’s the story from Simple Wikipedia:

“Convergent Evolution is what happens “when two species from unrelated lines develop the same traits or features. This happens because they live in similar habitats, and have to develop solutions to the same kind of problems.”

This describes what we see, but gives no reason why it should happen the same way in two or more unrelated creatures (why didn’t the bat start spinning a web, or grow a long sticky tongue to catch mosquitoes instead of wings?).  The faith of Evolution shows up more and more.  They dare not believe in a smart Creator, so they change the story so Evolution fits no matter what they find.

As for me, I’m going to worship and honor my super genius Creator God as my Savior and Lord!

For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;
Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them.
For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:
Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.  Romans 1:18-21

For more check these articles out:

CreationWiki: Convergent Evolution

Evident Creation: Convergent Evolution

In The Beginning online Book by Dr. Walt Brown: Convergent Evolution

And those Blue Straggler Stars: ICR: New Study Can’t Explain Blue Stragglers’ Youth

DNA Quotes and Activities

Title: DNA under an electron microscope Image ...

DNA under an electron microscope

To go along with DNA for dummies? or for the FBI?

From Wikipedia: DNA, “However, there is no direct evidence of ancient genetic systems, as recovery of DNA from most fossils is impossible. This is because DNA will survive in the environment for less than one million years and slowly degrades into short fragments in solution.”  I think that’s the understatement of the year!

Check this out: if you want to extract DNA from a specimen to study, here’s how to do it, “Using ice-cold water and ice-cold alcohol will increase your yield of DNA. The cold water protects the DNA by slowing down enzymes that can break it apart.” from Learn Genetics U. of Utah.  There’s no way students were taking anything close to a million years to try to extract their DNA samples!

More articles on how long DNA could last; ICR: Intact DNA Discovered in Ancient Salt Deposits

Mummified Forest Highlights Post-Flood Ice Age

Dick Tracy Secret Code Maker

“We all know that elephants only give birth to little elephants, giraffes to giraffes, dogs to dogs and so on for every type of living creature. But why is this so?” from the National Human Genome Research Institute.  The US Government is Creationist!

You can make some origami DNA. If you do it right, you’ll have a cool model. Even if you don’t, you’ll see a little bit of how much work God put into inventing it!

For more secret code fun have a look at these sites:

Indigo Image: Secret Messages, Fancy Folding 

Wikihow: How to Make a Secret Code

Martha Stewart: Secret Codes  this one has the paper towel roll coder that I remember when I was a girl

If you want to learn lots more about the cell, have a look at this page from shmoop a site for (high school? college?) students.  They have great pictures and are fun to read, you’ll just have to turn off the ad pop-up.

My mouth shall speak the praise of the LORD: and let all flesh bless his holy name for ever and ever. Psalm 145:21

Graphic: DNA Splitting

DNA for dummies? or for the FBI?

Lego DNA I made for my wife's science class

Lego DNA

I know, I know, it’s Summer and the last thing you want to do is more “school work.”  But the past two weeks of Creation Today Shows’ interviews with Jay Seegert of the Creation Education Center have been so amazing I had to figure out a way to inspire you to watch or listen to them.  So I decided to write up a study guide.  I promise, once you’ve listened and answered the questions, you will know more about DNA than the vast majority of people out there without crossing your eyes (just blowing your brain)!

Here’s your assignment Part 1:  Listen to this episode of Creation Today Show:  Is Evolution Probable or Problematic? and fill in the blanks.

  • Evolution requires lots of _____________ and ________________ to explain how living things came to be
  • Mutations happen when something changes in a creature’s ________

BTW I wasn’t able to find how much DNA is in a teaspoon, or if this is the amount in one person or many.  Turns out a single cell holds over 5ft [1.5m] or some say as much as 3m [nearly 10ft]! So, the DNA in a single adult would reach if stretched out end to end. It would stretch to the __________ and back ___________ times (or around the ________ 2.5 million times)!

  • How is DNA like this phrase, “was it a rat I saw?” _______________
  • How is DNA more complicated than a palindrome?___________________________
  • Is this something that is easily and naturally done?  Can computer whizzes do it? ______

The analogy he gives here is especially enlightening.  Share with someone in your own words…

  • Is a mutation likely to add helpful meaning to this?____ Why? _________
  • How long are DNA reversing codes? A. a single word B. a sentence C. a paragraph D. a chapter E. more than a chapter

DNA (Photo credit: Allen Gathman)

This has already started to show you how good God is at making “secret” codes.  Now we’re really going to see how amazing His code system is!How is DNA like some Wheel of Fortune puzzles? ____________.  If you don’t know Wheel of Fortune, they spell out phrases like Jay Seegert does at this point.  If you like brain quizzes, HERE’s a set of these type of puzzles to try to solve.

OK, you can skip the last couple of minutes since it’s just closing notes.

Now on to Part 2 More DNA evidence for special creation, problems for evolution! (You can skip the first 6 minutes if you want)

  • Next level of “secret” codes in DNA: ________ bits of DNA and ________ing them together to get new info
  • How big are the sections that get spliced? Whole ________ and __________
  • Another level of information picks up pieces at regular intervals and forms ___________
  • What do mutations do to this coding system? _________________ Is this helpful? _____

Now we’re getting to real FBI stuff!

  • DNA includes data _____________________ to add more info

Here’s a whole different way of looking at the complexity of DNA

  • How long did it take you to learn to read English?  Did it happen randomly without any teachers?  DNA uses symbols to represent real things much like our alphabet (although God only needed 4 letters to do it!)
  • DNA not only has an alphabet, it also forms words using ____________ rules much like we have to study!

Back to the data encryption:

  • To solve an encryption puzzle, you have to have the _______
  • Is this possible without a programmer?

Now you know more about DNA than most _____________.  Who are they putting their faith in? ___________________

(I don’t know about you, but I love their Genesis Series ad!! Way cool stuff!)

Four-way DNA junction

Four-way DNA junction

  • The Third level of information has to be read in __ __ (you can make a sample like this by following Wikihow’s instructions, writing a code on the finished shape and then unfolding it!)
  • There’s a backup system of info in the Cell _______ that double checks what comes out of the nucleus to make sure things match up so if something changes
  • If our DNA actually was only 2% different from a Chimp (it’s really way more than that), how many “spelling errors” would it take to produce a human being? ____________
  • These changes would fill _________ books of _____ pages each!

Wow!  I don’t know about you but this makes me want to get up and sing to our Super-Smart Creator God!!

We’re learning more about the 3D nature of DNA all the time. Here’s an article from ICR on discoveries reported in 2013: New Twist in DNA Turns Heads, Genes

Great is the LORD, and greatly to be praised; and his greatness is unsearchable. One generation shall praise your works to another, and shall declare your mighty acts. I will speak of the glorious honor of your majesty, and of your wondrous works. And men shall speak of the might of your terrible acts: and I will declare your greatness. Psalm 145:3-6

Don’t miss today’s Quotes and more!