# Do We Have Enough Water to Flood the Whole Earth?

A guest post by John Hudson Tiner, who has written a number of books published by Master Books (I particularly enjoyed his book on Physics–I’m not scared of it any more!). First published August, 2013.

Bible doubters like to point out how crazy it is to imagine all earth’s mountains covered with water, but all geologists believe they were. The difference is whether we believe it all happened at once or over “millions of years”.
Another piece of the puzzle is if earth has enough water to cover the whole world at the same time or not. Solving this uses a lot of math, which I’m not too excited about, so all I’d ever seen were the conclusions Creationists had come up with.
Enter our guest writer. Saturday, I spotted this little gem of mathematics he’d posted and loved how factual and “simple” it made the whole problem. Since he was taking questions on a live expert forum, I could ask him if it was OK for me to share with you all. Mr. Tiner kindly granted my request.
So, here’s what he has to say about the amount of water on earth [for metric users: 8,000 feet equals 2438.4 meters]:

. . . Now to the depth of the water during the flood. Dr. Morris says that it has been calculated that on a smooth spherical earth the water would cover the earth to a depth of 8,000 feet.
That is easy enough to check (provided I remember to use radius of earth rather than diameter!)

• Radius of earth in miles: 3,963 miles
• Thickness of 8,000 feet of water in miles: 8,000 ft/5280 ft/mi = 1.5 miles
• Volume in cu mi of a smooth, spherical earth with a 1.5 mile thick layer of water:
(4/3)pi*r^3 = (4/3)pi(3,963 + 1.5)^3 = 261,008,000,000 (rounded to nearest million)

Volume in cu mi of a smooth, spherical earth without the layer of water:
(4/3)pi*r^3 = (4/3)pi(3,963)^3 = 260,711,000,000 (rounded to nearest million)

The difference (261,008,000,000 – 260,711,000,000 ) is the amount of water to make:

A layer of water 1.5 miles thick: about 296 million cubic miles of water.

This site, The USGS Water Science School, How Much Water is there on, in, and above the Earth? shows the total amount of water to be 338 million cu mi. That figure agrees with one I read in an old-fashioned world almanac about 30 years ago.

Give unto the LORD, O ye mighty, give unto the LORD glory and strength.
Give unto the LORD the glory due unto his name; worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness.
The voice of the LORD is upon the waters: the God of glory thundereth: the LORD is upon many waters.
The LORD sitteth upon the flood; yea, the LORD sitteth King for ever. Psalm 29:1-3,10

# How did Freshwater Creatures Survive the Flood Part 2

So, now we know that water sorts itself much like oil does on other layers of water allowing fish to survive in pockets of less salty and warmer/cooler water.

What about the built-in way a fish’s body works to allow them to survive in a changed environment?

All fish have the same amount of salt in their bodies, about 0.9%. Because of osmosis, freshwater fish (where the water s 0.1% or less salt) don’t ever have to drink, the water gets sucked in through their skin, but they do have to make urine to keep all that water from popping them!

Saltwater fish have the opposite problem because ocean water is usually 3.5% salt. These fish drink all the time and their kidneys collect the salt for them to excrete (go to the bathroom). A large salmon drinks as much water as a grown-up human in a day to keep the salt from shriveling up its organs.

Atlantic Salmon

## Moving back and forth

We know there are a number of fish that move from salt to fresh waters and back again. How do they do it? Salmon are born in freshwater streams usually far from the ocean. When they are strong enough, most salmon swim downstream until they get to the mouth of the river. Then they spend some time getting used to the saltier water before heading out into the open ocean.

This adjustment time can last from a few days up to several weeks. When it is their time to return to their home streams to lay eggs, they again spend up to a few weeks at the mouth of their river to readjust to the lack of salt. Built in directions in their DNA help them switch from pushing salt out to pushing water back out.

## Eels

Juvenile american eels

American and European Eels spend their lives in the exact opposite way.  They are all born in the Sargasso Sea off the north-eastern coast of Cuba and then swim back to their proper homelands that they have never been to before. Scientists can’t explain why the American Eels don’t end up in Europe and the other way round.

I couldn’t find out if they have to hang out in the brackish, half fresh/half salt water along the coasts or not before swimming up river, but they do change from see-through to brown colored. After up to 20 years of living in freshwater rivers, the grown fish head back to the ocean to the place they were spawned to lay their own eggs and never return.

## Mixed up Water

There are also a number of fish that like to live in the brackish, sort-of salty water where rivers meet the ocean. Sturgeon, Mollys, Cichlids [sick-lids], Gobys, Flounders, Puffers and many more thrive in these in between salty water environments. surviving

## Freshwater Abundance

Freshwater angelfish

We know that many freshwater fish and saltwater fish are of similar types to each other. What’s amazing is there are actually a lot more surviving freshwater species than saltwater even with all that extra room to live in! It seems that whether a fish does well in one type of water or another has to do with which genes in their DNA are turned on to tell it what to do.

As for all the other freshwater creatures besides fish, it’s harder to find info on them.

I did find an interesting study on the changing saltiness of Australia’s freshwater systems and what happens to the clams and things in them. The adults die off if it gets too salty for them (makes me think of all the fossil clams, etc. in the rocks today), but their eggs survive and wait for the salt levels to drop before hatching.

The same would be true for all the plants that can’t handle salt. They would  die, but their seeds would survive. It’s even possible some water plants could have even survived by floating in those low-salt pools until dropping into newly formed freshwater systems.

For more check out Dr. Walt Brown’s page on freshwater fish survival

Remember, there’s also a lot of evidence that a bunch of salt first got to the surface during the Flood itself. The ocean Adam and Eve knew could have had far less salt in the first place. Creatures that stayed in the oceans would have gradually adapted to their new, saltier environment as the salt dissolved into their water.

Or speak to the earth, and it shall teach thee: and the fishes of the sea shall declare unto thee.  Who knoweth not in all these that the hand of the LORD hath wrought this? Job 12:8,9

Sites I used to build this post:

Salt Water in Freshwater Aquariums (it mentions Cichlids specifically near the end)

Christian Answers: How did Fish Survive the Flood?

PDF Study of increasing Salinity of Australian Freshwater Ecosystems (this is the one with clams, etc on page 6)

Atlantic Salmon Trust

American Eels arrive on Staten Island

Aquarium Brackish Water Fish

eHow Brackish Water Fish

PDF Creation.com How did Fresh and Saltwater Fish survive the Flood?

Freshwater Fish More Diverse and Older than Saltwater Fish

Freshwater Fish and Saltwater Fish Related

Wikipedia Worldwide list of Brackish Water Habitats

Eye-Crossing Evolutionary Study of Fish Gene Expression and Salt Adaptability

# How did Freshwater Creatures survive the Flood? Part 1

## The Flood of Noah’s Day practically destroyed the surface of the whole earth

God knew if Noah didn’t build an ark, every land animal would have gone extinct.

But what about the animals that couldn’t live on the ark?

## Fish and other water creatures

First we’ll look at what they need to stay alive.  They need

• oxygen
• a way to balance the salt and water levels in their bodies
• clean enough water that their gills don’t clog up

A world-wide Flood with lots of magma and superheated water would mess all of these things up, so how did the fish we see around the world survive it?

If you’ve ever found a fossil in your garden or on a walk, you know that there are billions of sea creatures that did die. The whole earth is covered with them. Just like most of the land animals didn’t make it through the Flood year, most of the water creatures were killed and many turned to stone as a memorial to God’s judgment of people’s sin.

But enough survived to allow both the oceans and rivers to fill up with life again. So some had to survive.

Here are some of the ways we know of that God could protect some of these creatures during the Flood.

## Water doesn’t always work the same way

It is sorted into layers depending on what is in it and how warm it is. Cold water sinks (until it freezes), and so does saltier water.  So, if a section of water is warmer, or lower-salt, it floats in layers above the rest of the water. Wind also will pull this warmer, less salty water out of the way allowing deeper, cooler water to rise. There is a deep layer of water that flows off of the Antarctic coast that is less salty than the water above it, but sinks because it is cooler.

Mouths of the Amazon River- NASA

Today there are some very interesting areas where salt and fresh, cool and warm waters mix (or rather don’t mix) and make a very complex layering, swirling water system.

The Amazon River is one of these places. There is so much fresh water flowing out of the Amazon that the surface of the ocean beyond its mouth is less salty for more than 100 miles [160 km]!

Trapped areas of water can be quite different from the open ocean as well. The Black Sea is unusual with the water near the surface being only about half as salty as regular sea water, but with deep water areas that are cooler and saltier. They have found a river running along the bottom of the Black Sea from the Mediterranean that is so much denser that is flows down like a waterfall at one point!

## Was the Ocean that Salty to Begin With?

Something people almost never consider is how salty the original ocean would have been. There is exciting science showing much of the salt on earth came from deep underground like magma. The first ocean might have been a lot less salty before the Flood and only changed to close to today’s levels as the water picked salt up from the land and carried it down.

We also know that during the Flood there were pockets of water that didn’t get swirled around so badly. For example, Ayer’s Rock in Australia is at the bottom of one of these basins. This area would have protected some water animals from being swirled away.

## Good Guesses

We can’t know exactly how God protected the kinds of sea creatures that are still alive today because we weren’t there and He didn’t tell us. But we know this: God cares for His creation. He is sad when our sin makes the world a painful and deadly place for His creatures.

The fossil record shows us that many of the varieties of all animals God originally created are not alive today. We also know that when Jesus comes back to earth as King, He is going to restore the waters to great fruitfulness. What a glorious time that will be!

Here’s an experiment you can do to see how this all works:  Home School Science Press: Saltwater and Heat Convection

Lear more about the creatures themselves in How did Freshwater Creatures survive the Flood? Part 2

Then said he unto me, These waters issue out toward the east country, and go down into the desert, and go into the sea: which being brought forth into the sea, the waters shall be healed.  And it shall come to pass, that every thing that lives, which moves, where ever the rivers shall come, shall live: and there shall be a very great multitude of fish, because these waters shall come thither: for they shall be healed; and every thing shall live where the river comes.  And it shall come to pass, that the fishers shall stand upon it from Engedi even unto Eneglaim; they shall be a place to spread forth nets; their fish shall be according to their kinds, as the fish of the great sea, exceeding many. Ezekiel 47:8-10

Web pages I used to build this post:

Institute for Creation Research How Could Fish Survive the Genesis Flood?

Water Encyclopedia Ocean Currents (very cool, long page)

Undersea river Discovery Hydro International

# How to Read a Typical Geology Article

Devils Towers West wall is a direct vertical climb of 600 ft

Today we’re going to practice learning the truth from an ordinary science page that wants you to believe in the earth being billions of years old. I ran into a perfect one studying on Devils Tower so we’re going to see what the US government tells us about this landform. As usual, I’m setting this link to open another browser tab so you can easily click back and forth to see what I’m talking about.

National Park Service: Devils Tower Geologic Formations

The first paragraph is from what people have seen and recorded, no problems there!

The Stage is Set

“Chalk cliffs with a thick layer of loess The brown coloured loess was deposited during the last ice age.” Wikipedia

Now we get into unobserved history. Notice that they mention that sedimentary rock can form with either water or wind. I had an interesting hunt finding out what kinds of rock are formed by wind without water helping. Finally I found this page: Sedimentary Rocks. If you scroll past all the water formed varieties, you’ll find a paragraph on “Wind.” The two types of wind formed rocks are sand dunes (which aren’t always formed above water) and something called “Loess” (it’s a German word that means “loose”).

I’ve heard about Loess [Lowes in English] when studying about the Wooly Mammoth, because they seem to have smothered in the dust storms that eventually were packed into Loess deposits. Here’s an interesting page about Loess from Canada. You’ll see that all the Loess we have was formed recently when the Ice Age glaciers started melting back exposing the rock flour they had ground up.

Somehow I don’t think this was what Devils Tower formed in. Seems like we’re stuck with water-formed sedimentary rocks!

This next part is why I wanted you to see this. They just slowed the video waaaayyy dowwwwn. Just take their millions of years, seas coming and going, and speed it up to real time. What do you have? A pre-Flood shallow sea catastrophically destroyed by an enormous Flood that washed things around for close to a year. It all fits in just like they describe only far faster.

You’ll see they recognize the Tower was formed during all of this.

The Tower is Formed: An Ongoing Debate

This stuff is great. Who doesn’t like a good mystery? And here there aren’t dead bodies involved!

Rock Climbers at Devils Tower National Monument (Photo credit: Photomatt28)

The Tower is Uncovered

Love this part, “the forces of erosion, particularly that of water, began to wear away the soft sandstones and shales…” (italics added by me). They forgot to put in the millions of years! Oh, that’s because the evidence is against this, as “the Tower itself is slowly being eroded.” If it has been more than a few thousand years (like, 4,500 or so?), the Tower would show a lot more signs of falling down. See my post on Erosional Features for more about this.

Everyone knows the evidence we have for the Flood, they are just blinded to the truth because it’s too uncomfortable.

But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: in whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them. II Corinthians 3,4

# Devils Tower: One Cool Inselberg, Part 2

Today we get to cover an Inselberg (see Part 1) that came from a hot (vs. mud) volcano!

I’ve never wanted to go see “Devils” Tower because of its name, but it turns out the man who interpreted the Native American name for it didn’t get it right and we should be calling it “Bears’ Lodge Tower.” So, next time I’m out west I’ll try to stop by between Mt. Rushmore and Yellowstone.

Devils Tower in the northwest corner of Wyoming is one of the most extraordinary of the basalt rock formations. But columns like this are not uncommon features around the world. Giant Crystals has some cool pictures and an interesting description of the puzzle these types of rocks in Europe set for early modern geologists. The Biblical Geology website tells us about another formation in Victoria, AU. Then, for a real treat have a look at these pictures from around the world.

How did such giant columns get clumped together to tower over the landscape like they do? Hanksville Geology’s Page is short and to the point with nice drawing of the processes that probably formed Devils Tower.

Lava was being forced up toward the surface, found a narrow opening and squeezed up. As the lava cooled and shrank into basalt, it splintered into all those separate columns. The newly cooled basalt was much harder than the fresh Flood sedimentary rocks which got washed back toward the ocean leaving the basalt standing.

Devils Tower is just unusual in how tall it is and that it stands alone.

The page on Devils Tower I used points out that the Missouri Buttes [b-you-ts] nearby were formed at the same time. I’ve driven out west and there are places where basalt column layers run along the cliffs for mile after mile.

To see why, visit this page from ICR and look for the map (about 2/3 of the way down) of the lava flows that cover the American west. Those lines running through the map are state borders. You’re looking at about half the width of North America covered the light blue eruption!

I found an article just on Devils Tower at ICR answering some questions I hadn’t even been asking yet. They start out talking about how the lava squeezed up, but then they deal with some of the objections Old Earth geologists have. They claim if these enormous lava flows had just happened a few thousand years ago, they still wouldn’t be cool. That tells you just how much lava there was, doesn’t it?

What the slow and gradual geologists forget is that this was during and right after the Flood. What do we use to cool our nuclear reactors with? Water. It is God’s natural coolant, and it was everywhere during the Flood. Then there was the Ice Age with all its snow, ice, and rain just afterwards.

Thank you, God, that the west isn’t still too hot to walk on!

As for the earth, out of it comes bread: and under it is turned up as it were fire. The stones of it are the place of sapphires: and it hath dust of gold. Job 28:5,6

Next time I’m going to take you through a government educational page on Devils Tower. 🙂

Creation.com: Devils Tower Explained

Wyoming Tourism: Devils Tower National Monument

# Uluru: One Cool Inselberg, Part 1

A while back I started wondering about the way two famous formations, Devils Tower in Wyoming and Uluru in Australia were formed. Now, I’m sharing what I’ve found with you!

Turns out some similarities but a lot of differences between these two formations, so I’ll have to talk about them separately. Let’s start with the things they have in common.

Both of these mountains are in the class of formations known as Inselbergs from German meaning “island-mountains”.

Many Inselbergs are granite or other hard rocks that were left standing when the softer rock around was washed away. But the two places I’ve chosen out (and others like them around the world) are made of rock that got pushed up from under the ground. They also (surprise, surprise) needed water around to help them take the form we see today. Interestingly, both of these monuments are in very dry areas today, so things must have been different in the past or they wouldn’t be here.

Now, let’s look at Uluru:

I first heard about how land formations like Uluru in Australia were formed from Dr. Walt Brown’s book. He has a lot to say about it and explains how these kinds of formations are only possible with quiet water covering them. Do check his page out, he has some amazing pictures!

He calls sedimentary stone formations like these “liquifaction mounds (or plumes [if they’re skinny]).”  Liquifaction takes up a large part of Dr. Brown’s book and he gets very detailed.

Basically, water can hold a lot of tiny bits of rock  under the right conditions, and then let them fall in a very quick and orderly way. We see layers like this everywhere in sedimentary rocks, usually laid down like sheets of pastry in a baklava or a torte.

Here at Uluru, something different was happening as well. Uluru is made out of all different kinds of sand cemented together.

Wikipedia tells us Uluru’s sandstones “show little sorting based on grain size, exhibit very little rounding and the feldspars in the rock are relatively fresh in appearance.”

Feldspar is very common rock making up about 60% of the Earth. These bits of sand didn’t have a chance to get rounded like the sand along the ocean or a lake. This shows that they were freshly broken up from whatever rock they came from originally (probably granite) and didn’t spend very long being washed around in water before settling into their form today.

Wikipedia claims that Uluru formed from an “alluvial fan”, which means a river delta.  At least they got the water part right! But have you ever seen a delta with great humps of rock left behind without being worn right back down? To avoid the flood they still have to believe in a unique water event depositing the rock but never happening again to wash it away.

From Dr. Brown’s studies, it seems that layers of wet sand were caught underground with enough pressure to squeeze out of cracks up to the surface when there was a chance.  He figures there were probably lots more of these muddy piles formed during the Flood, but most of them were washed away by the water sloshing around.

But where Uluru is, there was an area of trapped, quiet water which gave the sand time to cement into stone.  We know that a water basin was there because the salt bed, now called Lake Amadeus, these kinds of Flood-water-lakes leave behind is just 31miles [50km] away down the valley.

If you look at Dr. Brown’s page and this page of Uluru’s 36 sister mounds The Olgas-Kata Tjuta  (25km [16mi] to the west of Uluru) you will see something very interesting about these rocks.  They once had acne really badly… or, rather, they are filled with pock marks all around the sides.

This is what Think Quest is telling kids about Uluru: They start with the “500 million years” bit, then mention that it was formed underwater! I picked this page because it mentions that the Aborigines remember that Uluru was once in an ocean.  Just what we were expecting.

He puts forth his hand upon the rock; he overturns the mountains by the roots. He cuts out rivers among the rocks; and his eye sees every precious thing. He binds the floods from overflowing; and the thing that is hid brings he forth to light.
Job 28:9-11

Article on Devils Tower HERE

# Do Rock Layers Equal Time Charts? Part 2 Experiments

Continued from Part 1:

“Geologists studied the rates of processes they could observe first hand, such as filling of lakes and ponds by sediment, to estimate the time it took to deposit sedimentary rock layers. They quickly realized that millions of years were necessary to accumulate the rock layers we see today. As the amount of evidence grew, scientists were able to push the age of the Earth farther and farther back in time.” US Geological Survey National Park Service

And 3 minute video:

These scientists were doing “real” science, working with experiments we can still do today.

So, I guess we have to go along with their “slow, boring ages” and throw out the Bible. Or, do we?

Can you think of something they forgot to include when thinking of ways to get sediment to collect in layers? How about an enormous, world-wide, watery Catastrophe!

What would the water have been like during Noah’s Flood? Still and quiet like a tranquil lake today? Or, perhaps like a small glass of muddy water? Hardly. It would have been moving around like crazy. We call this movement:

### Water currents

There’s a scientist named Guy Berthault who decided to see for himself what happens to the bits of mud, sand, and rocks when you put them into flowing water. Here’s one of his videos (30 seconds):

And a sample of a large scale experiment showing the different layers after the water drained away (1 minute):

There’s no talking on these videos because Berthault speaks French, so we get a taste of what non-English speakers get every day. To find out more about his experiments and discoveries, check out Sedimentology.fr, which is all in English! On the left, click on “Experiments” and “Experiments (cont’d)” to read all about the videos and how they did them.

One of the first experiments Berthault did even took the same idea the Uniformitarians expect. He poured the sedimentary bits into still water:

You can do this for yourself with a Sand Art picture any time you like!

It will take a couple more minutes to read, but have a look at the sand layers that formed when a ship covered a beach with a mixture of sand and muddy water. They know exactly how long it took for the hose to pour all that out: less than one hour.

Do these experiments help you see slow, boring years as you examine rocks?

It all comes back to what you expect and want to see.

More coming up!

Ps 24:1  « A Psalm of David. » The earth is the LORD’S, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.

# Book Review: Don’t Miss The Boat

Click to see Master Books Product Page

Paul Taylor has pulled together a great overview of the history of Noah’s Flood. He covers both the science and the spiritual/moral implications of this seminal event in our history for ordinary people.

Although Mr. Taylor doesn’t bring the language down quite to a child’s level, he does a great job accomplishing his goal of reaching everyday adults. There are a few points he brings up repeatedly, but that’s because the book is designed for you to search for a topic rather than having to read straight through.

It was especially nice to see the last section is laid out to give a study group starter questions to work through. Paul Taylor planned his book with the goal of helping churches lead their entire congregations into a deeper understanding of the Flood.

Don’t Miss the Boat draws out aspects of the Bible’s account of the Flood that will be sure to interest people no matter what they most enjoy. There is science, yes, but also theology, history, and the picture of Jesus’ salvation the ark so clearly gives us.

Having studied this topic for years, very little of Taylor’s points were new to me, but there is something extraordinary about this book that makes it worth having in any well stocked Creation library. Just before the wrap up bits of the book, Taylor plies his hand at some fiction writing.

I won’t go into detail, but will tell you the snapshot accounts included are NOT from Noah’s perspective. They are gut wrenching views of what would inspire God to wipe the slate clean. It isn’t stuff for kids, but neither does Taylor revel in sinful gore. By the time someone is well into their teens, they should be aware of the kinds of sins mentioned.

For me, I found the stories hit home in a way I’d never experienced. They are powerful, and likely to make us wonder why Jesus hasn’t returned to wipe sinful humanity out again already. Although, today there is a far larger remnant of people sold out to Jesus.

Paul Taylor doesn’t load his book with bibliography, but he does mention enough to give you places to go if you want to learn more. There were at least two books I hadn’t heard of that are now on my list to check out ASAP!

If you want to find out more about Paul Taylor’s work, you’ll enjoy checking out his articles on Answers in Genesis and catching up on two and a half seasons of co-hosting the Creation Today Show with Eric Hovind. I think you’ll find he’s a delightful, wise, and understanding British gentleman. I know he’s done a video series on the Six Days of Creation and from what the book says, there should be a video on the Flood to go along with his book soon.

Disclaimer: Thanks to all of you, Master Books gave me a free copy of Don’t Miss the Boat to review! They didn’t tell me what to say about it, though. Want to check out more reviews (generally much more gushy than mine)? Check out the link up page for us at New Leaf Press’ Blog

# How Long Did Noah’s Flood Last?

Have you ever read a mystery story where some strange, little detail gets mentioned? By the end of the book you know it wasn’t just put in to fill up extra pages, somehow each bit mattered to the story.

The Bible is like that. Most of the time we long for more details and extra information about the people and events of long ago, but sometimes there are odd tiny facts thrown in. Sure enough, when you learn more about archaeology, science, and history, every one of them means something.

Some of the coolest of these details are in the early parts of Genesis.

OK, here’s a pre-quiz. The world-wide flood lasted:

• 6 days and 7 nights (like the ancient Assyrians believed)
• 40 days
• 1 year and 10 days

The only way you’re going to know the answer is to pull out your Bible and look for those details. Here’s the first one to find:

Genesis 7:11

What’s it tell you? On the ______ day of the _______ month all the “fountains of the great deep”  broke up and the windows (or sluice gates) of heaven were opened. The Flood was starting!

Now for the fun part:

Genesis 7:17-24

How many days did it take before the ark started floating around? __________

How many days did the Flood last before going down (verse 24)? _____________

Genesis 8:1-2

At what point did the rain and ground waters stop? ______________ days from the beginning of the Flood.

Genesis 8:3,4

OK, now we have to learn something a little odd: ancient people always measured months as being 30 days long, so 150 days equaled exactly 5 months. So this means Noah’s 7 months minus 2 months equals 150 days.

Noah knew the Flood had reached its highest point and started to go down because the ark landed on the mountain exactly 5 months after the whole thing started.

Those returning waters are some of the coolest parts of the whole account, be sure to find out why!

Genesis 8:5

How much longer did it take for any land to be visible from Noah’s outlook on the mountain? 17 days plus ______ days equal one month (8th month, first day). 8 months need ____ more months to get to the 10th month= ______ months and _______ days

Genesis 8:6-9

How many more days after seeing dry ground did Noah wait before sending out the raven? ______ days.

The Dove Returns to Noah, by James Jacques Joseph Tissot

Why was the raven not a good choice to look for dry ground? Ravens will eat anything and are especially fond of meat, even dead bodies. Doves only eat seeds, fruit, and plants.

Genesis 8:10-12

How many days after the dove came back empty did Noah wait to send out the dove? ____ days

What did she bring back with her this time? ____________________ So Noah knew the ground was dry enough for sprouts and that _________ seeds had survived the water.

A week later the dove didn’t come back at all. Why not? There must have been enough ______________ for her to survive without Noah’s help!

Genesis 8:13

What did Noah get for his birthday present? A look at _______ land. But he didn’t do anything but look. Why not? (there’s not a wrong answer to this, but you might look at the end of Genesis 7:16 for a clue) ______________________________________________

Genesis 8:14-19

Alright, now the Flood is finally over, at least enough for life to start getting back to normal! 601 years, 2 months, and 27 days minus 600 years, 2 months, and 17 days equals= ________ year ______ days. That’s a long time to be stuck in a boat, even if it’s an ocean liner.

Noah Descending from Ararat (1889 painting by Ivan Aivazovsky)

Do you think it was a bother for Noah’s family and all the animals to obey God’s command that time?

And God did not spare the ancient world—except for Noah and the seven others in his family. Noah warned the world of God’s righteous judgment. So God protected Noah when he destroyed the world of ungodly people with a vast flood. II Peter 2:5 NLV

You can also check out the time chart another young lady did on the Flood HERE: Bible Answer Girl: How Long Was Noah on the Ark